Langues

Laboratoire de recherche

UMR 6602 - UCA/CNRS
Tutelle secondaire CHU Clermont-Ferrand
Membre de Clermont Auvergne INP

N2 - Quantum Optoelectronics and Nanophotonics

 

RESEARCH TOPICS

 

 

Topological photonics

Topology has deepened our understanding of physics and enlarged the spectrum of possibilities. Topological photonics deals mostly with periodic systems with spin-orbit coupling. Topologically non-trivial system exhibit edge states, which are often associated with chiral (one-way) propagation. This is particularly useful for topological optical isolators and topological lasers, protected against reflections.

 

 
 

Quantum fluids of light

Strong light-matter coupling is responsible for the exceptional non-linear interactions of resulting quasi-particles, exciton-polaritons. Their bosonic nature allows observing their Bose condensation. A condensate of polaritons is thus an interacting quantum fluid of light, where many quantum phenomena (superfluidity, quantum vortices, solitons) can be observed at a macroscopic scale.

 

 
 

Analog physics

Different physical systems can be described by the same mathematics. This allows to study one of them to understand the other. This is the goal of analogue physics, including such topics as analogue gravity, early Universe simulations, and others. Even topological photonics can be considered as an example of analogue physics!

 

 

 

GROUP MEMBERS

 

     

Guillaume Malpuech

CNRS Senior Researcher, head of the group

Guillaume's research topics are:
  • strong light-matter coupling;
  • polariton relaxation and lasing;
  • spin-orbit coupling and topology;
  • wide-bandgap materials;
  • analog physics.

 
         
   

Dmitry Solnyshkov

Professeur, HDR, Université Clermont Auvergne, Institut Universitaire de France

Dmitry's research fields:

  • Bose-Einstein condensates of exciton-polaritons: their formation, coherence, statistical and dynamic properties (superfluidity, topological defects), with an applied goal, the manufacture of polariton lasers, interferometers, parametric oscillators, optical transistors, and other non-linear optical components, including for communications and quantum computing;
  • topological systems (topological insulators, chains of dimers) and the associated effects (chiral edge states, spin currents);
  • analog physics: the emulation of inaccessible systems and effects (magnetic monopoles, Klein tunneling effect, formation of topological defects after the Big Bang).

 
         
 
 

Ismaël Septembre

PhD student (2020 - 2023)

Ismaël currently involved in the research of:

  • topological photonics: design of a guided polaritonic topological
    laser at room temperature;
  • analog physics: polaritonic Andreev reflection and topological
    bound states, similarities between analogue black holes and genuine
    black holes;
  • non-hermitian topological physics and exceptional points;
  • Moiré physics.
 
         
     

Pavel Kokhanchik

PhD student (2021-2024)

 

 

 

GROUP PHOTO

 

 

     
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FORMER MEMBERS

 

Marian Zamfirescu (PhD student 2000-2003)

Fabrice Laussy (PhD student, 2002-2005)

Ivan Shelykh (Post Doc, 2002-2005)

Pierre Bigenwald (Assistant Professor, 2001-2006)

Alexey Kavokin (Professor, 1998-2005)

Henni Ouerdane (Post Doc, 2006-2008)

Robert Johne (PhD student 2006-2009)

Goran Pavlovic (PhD student 2007-2010)

Thomas Weiss (PhD student, 2008-2011)

Hugo Flayac (PhD student, 2009-2012)

Hugo Terças (Post Doc, 2012-2014)

Dmitry Vishnevskii (PhD student, 2010-2013)

Berihu Teklu Gebrehiwot (Post Doc, 2015)

Anton Nalitov (PhD student, 2012-2015)

Olivier Bleu (PhD student, 2015-2018)

Sergei Koniakhin (PhD student, 2017-2020)

Charly Leblanc (PhD student, 2019-2022)

 

CHAIR OF EXCELLENCE

 

Nikolay Gippius (Professor, 2006-2010)

 

 

 

LONG TERM VISITORS 

(2001 − 2011)

 

Kirill Kavokin (Researcher)

Yuri Rubo (Professor)

Sergey Tikhodeev (Professor)

Natalia Maslova (Professor)

Pavlos Lagoudakis (PhD student)

Mikhail Glazov (PhD student)

Nikolai Galkin (PhD student)

Sergey Gavrilov (PhD student)

Valentin Nikolaev (Post Doc)

 

 

 

 

NEWS

 

 

2022

12/12/2022

On October 14, our PhD student Charly Leblanc successfully defended his thesis work entitled "Topology and Quantum Metric in the exploration of photonic Dirac systems".

Congratulations, Charly! We wish you all the best in your career and your life!

Charly has already started to work as a postdoc in the Advanced Photonics Lab, CNR Nanotec, Lecce, Italy under the supervision of Daniele Sanvitto. Keep an eye on his new achievements!

 
 

 

12/12/2022

We have published a lot of work in the last few months! Here is their highlights:

Another Physical Review Letters paper discusses the control of the lattice couplings by utilizing Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling. As consequence, we show how to control the topology of the SSH chain, and construct XY and Harper-Hofstadter models.

A new Physical Review Letters paper reports the first experimental observation of perfect Klein transmission in a 2D photonic system (photonic graphene) at normal incidence and measures the angular dependence.

Our Physical Review Applied paper experimentally demonstrates and discusses the difference between a ridge polariton laser and a conventional edge-emitting ridge laser operating under electron-hole population inversion.

In our Nature Communications paper, we investigate an annihilation of exceptional points issued from different Dirac points (valley). The studied platform is a liquid crystal microcavity with voltage-controlled birefringence and TE-TM photonic spin-orbit-coupling.

In the Advanced Science paper helical polariton lasing from topological valleys of an organic anisotropic microcrystalline cavity based on tailored local nontrivial band geometry is demonstrated. The significantly enhanced chiral characteristics are achieved thanks to the nonlinear relaxation process.

 
 

 

03/08/2022

Our new paper in Physical Review Letters is out!

The work covers the formation of the exciton-polariton condensate in staggered polariton graphene. Both spontaneous or controllable formation of valley-polarized domains occurs with the possibility of creating a chiral current along the domain wall by selecting a single valley.

 
 

 

12/07/2022

Our new work was published in Nature Photonics.

We demonstrate a spin-selective strong light-matter coupling regime and as a consequence unusually strong optical nonlinearity in a monolayer MoSe2.

 
 

 

14/06/2022

Our new paper was published in Physics Letters A.

The name of the work is "Love might be a second-order phase transition". We say no more, just enjoy the paper!

 
 

 

11/05/2022

A new paper was published in Nature Physics.

The work demonstrates the formation of topological gap solitons in a driven-dissipative version of the Su–Schrieffer–Heeger model and discusses their physics.

 
 

 

18/03/2022

Our paper was published in Photonics Research (Optica Publishing Group).

We studied photonic graphene created by means of electromagnetically induced transparency. By varying the ratio between the real and imaginary components of the refractive index we managed to control the state of the probe beam exhibiting a hexagonal or honeycomb intensity profile. Finally, we demonstrated the Talbot effect of the transmitted probe patterns.

 
   

18/03/2022

Our paper was published in the Journal of Applied Physics.

We explored an open-access microcavity enabling tunability of the light-matter coupling strength and found that the lowest condensation threshold always occurs at a fixed depth of energy trap between the exciton reservoir and the polariton ground state. This result fits well with the existing theory of exciton–exciton scattering into the condensate state in the driven-dissipative polaritonic system.

 
   

17/02/2022

The presentations of group members have been accepted to the PLMCN22 conference which will take place in Varadero, Cuba (10-16 April):

Ismaël Septembre, Annihilation of exceptional points from different Dirac valleys, oral talk;

Charly Leblanc, Universal semiclassical equations based on the quantum metric, poster presentation;

 
    Update  17/03/2022 Pavel Kokhanchik, Control of SSH chain topology by Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling, poster presentation.  
   

17/02/2022

New preprint on arXiv.

The work is devoted to the theoretical study of exciton-polariton condensation in staggered polariton graphene with the formation of valley-polarized domains following the Kibble-Zurek scenario. The appearance of topologically-protected chiral current at the domain walls was observed.

 
   

21/01/2022

New preprint on arXiv.

The work discusses the differences between a GaN based ridge polariton laser and a semiconductor edge-emitting laser.

 
   

01/2022

We have updated our website! Now we will regularly publish the latest news, publications, projects, and open positions of our group.

 
 

2021

 

Ismaël Septembre received a young researcher award for his presentation at the international conference OECS17.

 
     

Read more...

 

 

 

RESEARCH PROJECTS

 

 

2022 − 2025

NEWAVE (ANR project)

Exploring new operation modes of micro- and nano-lasers for integrated photonics, based on polaritonic quantum fluids of light in GaN waveguides.

 
 

2021 − 2025

TopoLight (Horizon 2020 EU Research and Innovation program)

Soft matter platform for optical devices via engineering of non-linear topological states of light.

 
 

2020 − 2024

GaNeXT (ANR Labex French project)

The project focuses on the research of element III nitrides (BAlInGaN), wide bandgap semiconductors whose intrinsic properties predispose them for emission in the visible/UV range and use as the electronic components working at high temperature, high frequency, and in harsh environments. GaNeXT combines electronic and photonic approaches for studying these materials.

 
   

See older projects...

 
 

 

OPEN POSITIONS

 

  We have not updated this section yet. For more information about open positions, feel free to contact Guillaume (Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.) and Dmitry (Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.) directly.  

 

 

PUBLICATIONS

 

 

Publications can be downloaded as a pdf file via the link (updated 20/01/2022).